prof. MUDr. Petr Brhel, petr.brhel(at)fnusa.cz
Social security is a general name for a system formed by subsystems (or the so called pillars). It is a system of social insurance, system of state social support and system of social assistance. Generally, it can be said that the elementary purpose (and objective) of social security is to help people in difficult life situations that they are not able to handle themselves, or with an assistance of their family or close friends and relatives. These situations are usually accompanied by a drop of or shortfall in an income from gainful activities leading to the loss of funds to provide for basic living needs.