Anatomical Dissection - Introduction to dissection course

The educational videofilm Anatomical dissection - Introduction to dissection course is aimed at students of the medical faculty within the scope of anatomical studies in order to provide them with information necessary for correct procedure during anatomical dissection. Under supervision of an experienced instructor, students will be able to dissect and identify important structures of the specific body region after having watched the film and studied respective chapters of the textbooks. The film will contribute to achievement of the knowledge and practical skill needed for success at final anatomy examination.

The anatomical dissection is an inseparable component of the study of anatomy. It is important particularly for realization of topographical relations of organs and structures that students have learnt in the systematic anatomy. The goal of the educational film Anatomical dissection - Introduction to dissection course is to provide students with instructions on the basis of which they will be able to dissect any region of a human cadaver under supervision of an experienced instructor. The film informs only about the technical procedure during dissection; students have to study dissection of specific regions step by step from the textbook (1).

At the beginning of the film the students are given information on the instruments used for the dissection most often. The video explains how to hold a scalpel and forceps correctly.
In the next part of the film students are instructed how to perform the skin incisions in the selected regions of the body and separate the skin from the subcutaneous tissue, in order to not damaging to the superficially located nerves and vessels. After removal of the skin important structures have to be identified in the subcutis and subsequently isolated and cleaned.

When the subcutaneous connective tissue is removed and important superficial nerves and vessels preserved, muscles and their fasciae need to be detected. The film demonstrates taking the fasciae off and isolating muscular origins, insertions and borders. Then the isolated muscles are cut in order to reveal deeper structures. Vascular and nervous supply is found at the inner surface of the reflected muscular flaps. The branches should be isolated to their entry in the muscle.

At the end of the film students learn that deep nerves and vessels are surrounded by the common connective tissue sheath usually. The structures need to be isolated from the connective tissue and identified.

The authors would like to thank to Mr. Jaroslav Winkler for technical assistence, prof. RNDr. Petr Dubový, CSc. for providing of conditions suitable for production of the film and doc. MUDr. Pavel Matonoha, CSc. for critical remarks.

1) Petr Dubový: Instructions for anatomical dissection course. Brno 1995.

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 Anatomical Dissection - Introduction to dissection course 13.4.2012 77.58 MB MEFANET user Creative Commons License

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